Bone and Joint Conditions in Diabetes- Part 2

Diabetes and Bone Problems

Diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH)

Diabetes and Bone Problems Another skeletal disease associated with type 2 diabetes is Diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH). In this condition, so the ligaments and tendons harden. This occurs mostly in the spine region. In this condition, insulin or insulin-like growth factors promotes new Bone Growth.

What are the symptoms of Bone Problems?

Because DISH mostly affects the spine. In this case, you may experience stiffness in the neck or back. In general, in this condition, you may experience decreased range of motion, stiffness, or pain in the affected part of the body.

How is DISH treated?

Treatment involves managing symptoms, usually with pain relievers such as ibuprofen and acetaminophen, and corticosteroid injections.

Dupuytren’s contracture

Scarring and thickening of connective tissue in the palm of the hand cause Dupuytren’s contracture. But one or more fingers bent towards the palm due to deformity. People with diabetes have this condition if they have had uncontrolled diabetes for a long time. The condition may be due to metabolic changes related to diabetes.

What are the symptoms of Diabetes related bone Problems?

Diabetes and Bone Problems Skin on the palm of the hand thickens leading to stiffness of the palm and fingers of the hand. It is difficult to fully straighten one or more fingers.

How is it treated for Diabetes Problems?

This condition, in severe cases, makes it difficult for you to perform daily activities – such as grasping objects. Therefore, doctors perform a minimally invasive procedure called aponeurotomy to break apart the thick skin tissue. Collagenase enzyme injection and surgery are the other treatment options. Doctors give steroid injections to help reduce pain and inflammation.

Frozen shoulder

This condition commonly affects one shoulder. o The most common risk factor for this condition is diabetes although a well-established cause is often unknown.

People often approach an orthopedic doctor if they experience mild to moderate pain, stiffness and restricted movement in the shoulder joint. The doctor may give glucocorticoid injections to ease symptoms if they are severe. However, physical therapy is beneficial. It helps in easing movement and preserves a wide range of motion in the shoulder joint.

Osteoarthritis

In this degenerative joint disorder, joint cartilage breaks down. Osteoarthritis can affect any joint in the body. People with uncontrolled and long-time diabetes have an increased risk of developing osteoarthritis. Excess body weight (obesity) is the major risk factor for type 2 diabetes.

Symptoms of Osteoarthritis

Swelling and stiffness, joint pain, and also loss of joint flexibility or movement are some of the common symptoms of osteoarthritis.

Treatment for Diabetes and Bone Problems

Maintaining healthy body weight, involvement in regular exercise, resting and taking care of the affected joint, medication for relieving pain and physical therapy may help ease symptoms. To manage pain, massage therapy and acupuncture may be helpful. In severe cases of hip and knee osteoarthritis, hip and knee replacements may be recommended.

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