Ankylosing Spondylitis Treatment in Hyderabad

Ankylosing spondylitis treatment in Hyderabad

Ankylosing Spondylitis (AS) is a chronic inflammatory disease primarily affecting the spine and sacroiliac joints, leading to pain, stiffness, and potentially severe disability. AS may also affect peripheral joints like the knees, ankles, and hips. As a leading authority in healthcare information, we aim to provide a comprehensive guide to help individuals understand this condition better.

What is Ankylosing Spondylitis?

Ankylosing Spondylitis, often abbreviated as AS, belongs to a group of rheumatic diseases known as spondyloarthritis. Ankylosing means fused bones and spondylitis means inflammation in the vertebrae or spinal bones. It primarily affects the spine, causing inflammation of the vertebrae, which can lead to fusion of the spinal joints over time. This fusion results in stiffness and decreased mobility of the spine, impacting a person’s ability to perform daily activities.

Symptoms and Diagnosis

Symptoms of Ankylosing Spondylitis

The symptoms of AS can vary from person to person, but common indicators include:

Chronic Pain: Persistent pain and stiffness, particularly in the lower back and buttocks (hip region), which worsens with rest and improves with movement.

Stiffness: Stiffness, especially in the morning or after prolonged periods of inactivity, lasting for more than 30 minutes.

Fatigue: Generalized fatigue and tiredness, often associated with the inflammatory process.

Reduced Mobility:  Difficulty bending or twisting the spine, leading to limited range of motion.

Other symptoms of Ankylosing Spondylitis include: Tiredness, swelling in your joints; Pain in your hips or thighs; Neck pain or stiffness; Pain and stiffness in your ribcage; Pain that’s worse in the morning or after you sit for a long time, and Foot, heel, or hand pain

Causes and Risk Factors


The exact cause of Ankylosing Spondylitis remains unclear. However, researchers believe that a combination of genetic, environmental, and immunological factors contributes to its development. The HLA-B27 gene, in particular, is strongly associated with AS, though not everyone with this gene develops the condition.

Risk Factors

Several factors may increase the risk of developing AS, including:

Genetics: A family history of AS or related conditions increases the likelihood of developing the disease.

Age: Onset typically occurs in late adolescence or early adulthood, but AS can develop at any age.

Gender: Men are more likely to develop AS than women, though the reasons for this disparity are not fully understood.

Diagnosis & Treatment

Diagnosing AS can be challenging, as its symptoms often overlap with other conditions. Healthcare professionals typically rely on a combination of medical history, physical examination, imaging studies (such as X-rays and MRI scans), and laboratory tests to confirm a diagnosis.

Ankylosing Spondylitis Treatment in Hyderabad

Treatment Approaches: While there is no cure for Ankylosing Spondylitis, various treatment options can help manage symptoms and improve quality of life. These may include:

Medications: Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) to reduce pain and inflammation, disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) to slow disease progression, and biologic therapies to target specific components of the immune system.

Physical Therapy: Exercise programs designed to improve flexibility, strength, and posture can help alleviate symptoms and maintain mobility.

Lifestyle Modifications: Adopting a healthy lifestyle, including maintaining a balanced diet, quitting smoking, and practicing good posture and body mechanics, can positively impact disease progression.

Surgical Interventions

In severe cases of AS, where conservative measures fail to provide relief, surgical intervention may be necessary. Procedures such as spinal fusion surgery aim to stabilize and realign the spine, reducing pain and improving function.

In a typical spinal osteotomy procedure, your orthopedic surgeon realigns your vertebrae to allow you to stand up straight. In Laminectomy, your spinal surgeon removes a part of the vertebra to take pressure off your spinal cord. Your orthopedic doctor may recommend hip replacement surgery if AS causes severe damage to your hip joint.

Living with Ankylosing Spondylitis

Coping Strategies

Living with Ankylosing Spondylitis can be challenging, but there are strategies to help individuals manage their condition effectively:

Education: Understanding the disease and its management options empowers individuals to take an active role in their care.

Support Networks: Joining support groups or connecting with others living with AS can provide valuable emotional support and practical advice.

Self-Care: Prioritizing self-care activities such as adequate rest, stress management, exercise, and relaxation techniques can help alleviate symptoms and improve overall well-being.

Bottom Line

Ankylosing Spondylitis is a complex and potentially debilitating condition that requires comprehensive management to optimize outcomes. By understanding the symptoms, causes, and treatment options associated with AS, individuals can take proactive steps to manage their condition effectively and improve their quality of life.