Knee Pain – Causes, Types & Treatment You Must Know
Knee pain doctor in Hyderabad | Dr. Praharsha Mulpur
Many people who suffer from knee pain resort to taking some self-care measures – which help in relieving minor knee pain. Sometimes, knee pain may become aggressive and progressively debilitating. In some cases, activities – such as walking, running, and climbing stairs can increase knee pain. Aging may also tend to increase knee pain progressively. You’re at risk of knee pain if your BMI level is high, bones are weak, and if you are involved in high-risk activities and sports.
Your knee is made up of cartilage, bones, tendons, and ligaments. It is the largest joint in the body. All the knee parts combine together to provide movement. The knee joint is subjected to wear and tear, stress, and strain for a number of reasons. If you have knee pain, inquire about the types, causes, and treatments for knee pain before contacting the best knee pain doctors in Hyderabad.
Knee pain causes
Knee pain: Your knee joint is vulnerable to stress and strain, injuries and damage as it is used daily. Any condition of the knee joint manifests as knee pain. It is a common orthopedic condition as it affects people of all ages. Knee infections, knee injuries, damage caused to knee parts, knee bone fractures, torn ligaments and tendons, and medical conditions such as osteoarthritis of the knee joint can cause mild to severe knee pain.
Injuries that cause knee pain
The complex knee joint is made of knee bone, cartilage, tendons, ligaments, and muscles that surround it. Any damage or injury to these parts can cause knee pain.
Patellar tendinitis: Tendons are the fibrous tissues that attach muscles to bones. Athletes, sportspersons, cyclists, skiers, runners, and people who are involved in contact sports are prone to patellar tendon injury which may result in inflammation. Patellar tendinitis causes inflammation and irritation in the patellar tendons.
Knee bursitis – Bursae are small fluid sacs that cushion outside the knee joint. The ligaments and tendons glide smoothly over the knee joint with the help of tendons. Inflammation of bursae may be due to knee injuries.
Torn meniscus – A shock absorber helps in absorbing a shock between the knee bones in the knee joint. Tough cartilage called meniscus acts like a shock absorber. Many people may tear their meniscus when they suddenly twist their knees while bearing weight.
Fractures – Knee bone fractures mostly happen during falls and accidents – such as motor vehicles and car accidents. Damage to knee bone -especially the kneecap can also be due to weak knee bones owing to osteoporosis and also may be due to taking wrong steps.
ACL injury – Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) connects the shinbone to the thigh bone. A tear in this ligament is known as ACL injury. This type of injury is common in sportsmen and sportswomen – especially those who play football, basketball, or any other type of sports or contact sports.
The above-mentioned knee injuries are the most common causes of knee joint pain.
Mechanical problems that cause knee pain
Here are some of the mechanical problems that can lead to knee pain:
Loose body: If a broken piece of bone or cartilage floats between the knee joint space due to a degenerative knee condition or knee injury, it creates problems as the loose body causes hurdles in the movement of the knee joint.
Iliotibial (IT) band syndrome: This type of syndrome occurs due to an injury or overuse of the connective tissues located on your outer thigh and knee. Long-distance runners and cyclists are vulnerable to iliotibial (IT) band syndrome.
Knee pain after running
Many people experience knee pain after running. It is one of the most common types of knee pain. It can be due to IT band syndrome, knee bursitis, or runner’s knee. It can also be due to issues with the thigh muscles, feet or weak thigh muscles, knee injury or knee overuse, or unbalanced activities. This condition is known as patellofemoral pain syndrome. In some cases, chondromalacia patella also causes knee pain. In this condition, the cartilage under the knee bone breaks down and causes knee pain. If you notice this, then meet the best knee pain doctor in Hyderabad.
Dislocated kneecap: The triangular bone in the front of the knee is called the patella. Sometimes it shifts out of place resulting in the dislocated kneecap. It causes severe knee pain.
Hip or foot pain
People who suffer from foot or hip pain tend to change their walking style to relieve pain. But, by doing so, they put additional stress on their knee joint owing to modified movement. They experience knee pain.
Types of knee pain (Arthritis and associated conditions)
More than 100 arthritis types exist in this world. The types of arthritis that affect your knee include:
Pseudogout – It is different from gout as it is caused due to the formation of calcium-containing crystals in the joint fluid Many people get confused it with gout. The knee joint is the most commonly affected joint in the body.
Gout – In this type of arthritis, uric acid crystals build up in the knee joint and cause knee pain, swelling and inflammation.
Rheumatoid arthritis –This is the most common and severe type of arthritis. It can occur in any joint of the body – and also in knee joints. This is an autoimmune condition.
Septic arthritis – The symptoms of this type of arthritis are swelling, inflammation, pain, warmth to touch, fever, and severe knee pain. It is also known as infectious arthritis or joint infection. Infectious microorganisms grow in the knee joint and can cause this condition.
This is a common degenerative type of knee arthritis wherein the cartilage that surrounds the knee joint may deteriorate over a period of time. This is a progressively damaging condition due to advancing age and knee joint overuse. In this condition, the cartilage of the knee joint wears out completely resulting bone on bone condition. Knee bones grind against each other causing excruciating knee pain. If you think that your knee pain could be due to mechanical problems, knee injuries, knee inflammation, knee infections, and osteoarthritis of the knee joint, then consult Dr. Praharsha, one of the best knee pain doctor in Hyderabad.