Back Pain: What Are the Possible Causes?

Back pain specialist in Hyderabad

Back pain specialist in Hyderabad – Dr. Praharsha

Back pain is among the most frequent medical issues. It can be a gradual, continuous discomfort or a quick, sudden agony. It might occur quickly as a result of an accident, a fall, or carrying something large, or slowly as a result of age-related progressive degeneration in the spine. Back discomfort can be caused by inflammatory illnesses or other medical issues.

Symptoms – Back pain can be anything from a dull ache in the muscles to a shooting, searing, or stabbing pain. Furthermore, pain may travel down your leg or worsen when you twist, bend, lift, rise, or walk. There are different types of back pain.

All possible causes of back pain

Herniated or slipped discs: If your doctor cites herniated or slid discs, the soft tissue in the discs between your joints has protruded. Wear and tear are the most common causes. Since the nerves in your lower back and hip are squeezed, herniated discs can lead to pain.

Degenerative disc disease

Degenerative disc disease occurs when the discs between your vertebrae, sometimes known as “shock absorbers,” weaken or tear. The bones begin to rub together as a result of this. This is something that can happen as you become older. Therefore, if you are experiencing back issues due to advancing age, you must regularly visit a back pain specialist in Hyderabad. If the cause is detected at an early stage, you can prevent surgical intervention.

Bulging discs: These discs protrude, or “bulge,” although not nearly as much as a herniated disc. Generally, there aren’t any symptoms associated with this. If it presses against a nerve root, however, you’ll notice it.


Osteoarthritis of the spine is a type of arthritis caused by the breakdown of cartilage between the vertebrae. You may have a dull, painful, or throbbing discomfort that increases with movement as the cartilage wears away. Crepitus, a popping feeling, joint problems, and a limited range of motion are all common symptoms. Bony growths might form as the condition advances. These bone spurs can put pressure on adjacent nerve roots, triggering pain and numbness similar to a bulging disc.

Spinal Stenosis

The spinal canal, which houses the spinal cord, can shrink as you get older. Spinal stenosis is the medical term for this condition. Overgrowth of bone within the canal can potentially be a symptom of spinal arthritis. You may have shooting sensations in your lower back and buttocks, muscle spasms, numbness, and stinging if your spinal canal gets too stiff and compresses nerves.

If you think that your lower back pain could be due to this condition, book an appointment with Dr. Praharsha for the best back pain treatment in Hyderabad.


Sciatica is a type of nerve discomfort that travels down the leg.   It is caused by irritation of the lumbar nerve roots. Hence, it is a condition that causes stabbing, burning, or agonizing pain in the lower back, buttocks, and occasionally down the leg and into the sole of the foot. It’s typical to experience stinging, numbness, and muscle spasms.

Spondylolysis and Spondylolisthesis

A tension fracture in one of the spine’s bones is known as spondylolysis. It’s especially common in kids who participate in sports that exert a lot of stress on their lower back. Spondylolysis can be caused by a spinal injury or age-related spine weakening. 

The vertebrae may begin to “slide” if the fracture affects the spine too much, resulting in spondylolisthesis. Spondylolisthesis is marked by discomfort and stiffness. If a nerve is pinched by a slid bone, it might result in piercing pain, tingling, numbness, and weakening.


The shrinking and weakening of the bones are known as osteoporosis. A stress fracture in the spinal column is the most common cause of back discomfort linked with osteoporosis. Therefore, a break can happen suddenly, typically as a result of something as simple as coughing or bending down.

Scoliosis: This is something that most people are born with. If there is discomfort, it usually begins in middle age.

Medical conditions that cause back pain

  • Fibromyalgia is a disorder marked by widespread muscular pain and exhaustion.
  • Stones in the kidneys or illnesses in the kidneys.
  • UTIs (urinary tract infections) can also cause back pain.
  • Infections affecting the spine’s bones or the discs between them, which can cause discomfort.
  • Endometriosis is the accumulation of uterine tissue outside of the uterus.
  • Tumors can form on the spine or other parts of the back, in rare situations.
  • Maternity.

Bottom Line

Back discomfort can be caused by a variety of factors. While frequent reasons include strains, sprains, bulging discs, sciatica, and spinal arthritis, there are many others that do not include the back muscles or the spine at all. Since back pain is so widespread, several products claim to prevent or alleviate it. Special footwear, shoe insoles, back cushions, specifically designed furniture, or stress and coping techniques, on the other hand, haven’t been proven to help. However, you should never resort to any alternative techniques to get rid of your back pain without consulting a good back pain specialist in Hyderabad.